WORKSHOPS MARCH GUEST SPEAKER JOHN VAGG from Micro Maze was our invited speaker for March, and delivered an amazingly informative presentation. John covered, in the main, the advantages of certain Google products, as well as the benefits of cloud computing. His talk included Google’s history of marketing philosophies, which were an eye-opener to many of us, as well as many of their free applications. An excellent presentation, thank you John. John being introduced by Neil. Judy begins her presentation. And yes...that IS Judy in the swingin’sixties on the screen behind her! AT OUR MARCH GENERAL MEETING THERE WAS SOME DISCUSSION ABOUT CINEMA ASPECT RATIOS. The following extract from Wikipedia (with thanks) outlines the many and varied aspect ratios. As you will see by reading through it, there is a multitude of different ratios, all in use at different times by different companies. 16:9 standard 16:9 (1.7:1) (generally named as Sixteen-by-Nine, Sixteen-Nine, and Sixteen-to-Nine) is the international standard format of HDTV, non-HD digital television and analog widescreen television PALplus. Japan's Hi-Vision originally started with a 5:3 (= 15:9) ratio but converted when the international standards group introduced a wider ratio of 5⅓ to 3 (= 16:9). Many digital video cameras have the capability to record in 16:9 (= 42:32), and 16:9 is the only widescreen aspect ratio natively supported by the DVD standard. DVD producers can also choose to show even wider ratios such as 1.85:1 and 2.39:1 within the 16:9 DVD frame by hard matting or adding black bars within the image itself. However, it was used often in British TVs in the United Kingdom in the 1990s. It is now also being used in older smartphones and laptops and almost all types of media. 1.85:1 When cinema attendance dropped, Hollywood created widescreen aspect ratios in order to differentiate the film industry from TV, with one of the most common being the 1.85:1 ratio. 2:1 The 2:1 aspect ratio was first used in the 1950s for the RKO Superscope format.[13][14] Since 1998, cinematographer Vittorio Storaro has advocated for a format named "Univisium" that uses a 2:1 format.[15] It is designed to be a compromise between the cinema 2.39:1 aspect ratio and the HD-TV broadcast 16:9 ratio. Univisium has gained little traction in the theatrical film market, but has recently been used by Netflix and Amazon Video for productions such as House of Cards and Transparent, respectively. This aspect ratio is standard on the acquisition formats mandated by these content platforms and is not necessarily a creative choice.[16] Moreover, some mobile devices, such as the LG G6, LG V30, Huawei Mate 10 Pro, Google Pixel 2 XL, OnePlus 5T and Sony Xperia XZ3, are embracing the 2:1 format (advertised as 18:9), as well as the Samsung Galaxy S8, Samsung Galaxy Note 8, Samsung Galaxy S9 and Samsung Galaxy Note 9 with a slightly similar 18.5:9 format. The Apple iPhone X also has a similar screen ratio of 19.5:9 (2.16:1). 2.35:1 and 2.39:1 Main articles: Anamorphic format and 21:9 aspect ratio Anamorphic format is the cinematography technique of shooting a widescreen picture on standard 35 mm film or other visual recording media with a non-widescreen native aspect ratio. When projected, image have an approximated 2.35:1 or 2.39:1  (often rounded to 2.4:1) aspect ratio. "21:9 aspect ratio" is actually 64:27 (= 43:33), or approximately 2.37:1, and is a near both cinematic movie aspect ratios. Mobile devices are now starting to use the 21:9 format, such as the Sony Xperia 1.